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The 5 most common lumber species in Canada

The 5 most common lumber species in Canada.

Here are the 5 most common lumber species in Canada:

Spruce log, Spruce lumber, Spruce tree, Canadian lumber


It is part of the Spruce-Pine-Fir (S-P-F) species group. This type of lumber is commonly used in various construction and woodworking applications due to its strength, straight grain, and versatility. Spruce, along with pine and fir, is a softwood that grows abundantly throughout Canada and is known for its ease of use in construction, making it suitable for framing, sheathing, and other structural purposes. It is also used in the manufacturing of dimensional lumber and is available in different grades for various building needs.

Pine log, Pine tree, Pine lumber, Canadian lumber

2. Pine

They are softwoods belonging to the Pinus genus. Pine wood is known for its creamy yellow color, lightweight, and low density. It is commonly used in a variety of applications, including stick frame construction, timber framing, decking, pressure-treated lumber for exterior projects, and furniture making. Pine lumber is also used for interior and exterior construction, veneer, and various woodworking projects due to its availability, workability, and cost-effectiveness.

Hemlock tree, Hemlock log, Hemlock lumber, Canadian lumber

3. Hemlock

It is a popular choice for a variety of different projects, especially as an alternative for hardwoods in indoor projects like cabinets or furniture pieces. It is used for creating window or door frames, floor panels, molding, and even stairs components. Hemlock wood is able to resist warping and twisting, making it suitable for moldings and trim. It has moderate resistance to scratching and dents when stained properly. Additionally, it holds paint and glue very well and deters pests due to its natural smells. Hemlock is also resistant to shrinkage and can have a longer lifespan because it’s less prone to splintering or cracking. It is easy to work with and can be used for both indoor and outdoor projects, including furniture, cabinets, saunas, crates, plywood, boxes, and various construction purposes.

Douglas fir tree, Douglas fir log, Douglas fir lumber, Canadian lumber

4. Douglas Fir

It is a highly valued lumber known for its strength, durability, and versatility. It is commonly used for various construction and building purposes, including heavy timber framing, large structural members, sashes, doors, windows, general millwork, flooring, veneer, plywood, and structural/construction lumber. The wood is prized for its straight grain, dimensional stability, workability, and excellent strength-to-weight ratio, making it suitable for a wide range of residential, commercial, and industrial applications.

Western red cedar tree, Western red cedar log, Western red cedar lumber, Canadian lumber

5. Western Red Cedar

It is a versatile and popular choice for a wide range of outdoor and indoor projects. It is naturally decay and bug resistant, making it perfect for outdoor use, and it doesn't "bleed" like other woods, which makes it perfect for stains, sealers, and paints. Western Red Cedar is light, durable, and easy to work with, and it is commonly used for building decks, fences, siding, or patio covers. It is available in various dimensions and grades, including rough and surfaced options, making it suitable for different construction and woodworking needs.

These species are widely used in the Canadian lumber industry for various applications, including construction, woodworking, and manufacturing of wood products.


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